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  1. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated and compared the performances of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for diagnosing and histologically grading endometrial cancer.

    Authors: Wei Yue, Nan Meng, Jing Wang, Wenling Liu, Xuejia Wang, Minghuan Yan, Dongming Han and Jingliang Cheng

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:9

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the diagnostic performance of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) for distinguishing different histopathological subtypes and grades of rectal carcinoma and to compare DKI with conventional diffusion-...

    Authors: Ziqiang Wen, Yan Chen, Xinyue Yang, Baolan Lu, Yiyan Liu, Bingqi Shen and Shenping Yu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:8

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To assess the utility of histogram and texture analysis of magnetic resonance (MR) fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging (Fs-T2WI) for the prediction of histological diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carci...

    Authors: Noriyuki Fujima, Akihiro Homma, Taisuke Harada, Yukie Shimizu, Khin Khin Tha, Satoshi Kano, Takatsugu Mizumachi, Ruijiang Li, Kohsuke Kudo and Hiroki Shirato

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:5

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Although the role of axillary imaging has been redirected for predicting high nodal burden rather than predicting nodal metastases since ACOSOG Z1011 trial, it remains unclear whether and how axillary lymph no...

    Authors: Won Hwa Kim, Hye Jung Kim, So Mi Lee, Seung Hyun Cho, Kyung Min Shin, Sang Yub Lee and Jae Kwang Lim

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:4

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To examine the distribution of brain metastases (BM) in relation to the hippocampus, so as to determine the risk of metastasis in the hippocampus, and thus provide experimental evidence for the hippocampal avo...

    Authors: Qian Sun, Min Li, Gengming Wang, Hongbo Xu, Zelai He, Yongchun Zhou, Yan Zhou, Yufu Zhou, Hongwei Song and Hao Jiang

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:2

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Correct staging of patients with colorectal cancer is of utmost importance for the prediction of operability. Although computed tomography (CT) has a good overall performance, estimation of peritoneal cancer s...

    Authors: Raphaëla Carmen Dresen, Sofie De Vuysere, Frederik De Keyzer, Eric Van Cutsem, Hans Prenen, Ragna Vanslembrouck, Gert De Hertogh, Albert Wolthuis, André D’Hoore and Vincent Vandecaveye

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2019 19:1

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In current best practise, curatively intended treatment for oesophageal cancer usually consists of neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy (nCRT) or perioperative chemotherapy, and oesophagectomy. Sentinel Lymph Node B...

    Authors: Stefan Gabrielson, Jon A. Tsai, Fuat Celebioglu, Magnus Nilsson, Ioannis Rouvelas, Mats Lindblad, Annie Bjäreback, Artur Tomson and Rimma Axelsson

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:53

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cancer patients often have a history of chemotherapy, putting them at increased risk of liver toxicity and pancytopenia, leading to elevated liver fat and elevated liver iron respectively. T1-in-and-out-of-pha...

    Authors: Sarah Eskreis-Winkler, Giuseppe Corrias, Serena Monti, Junting Zheng, Marinela Capanu, Simone Krebs, Maggie Fung, Scott Reeder and Lorenzo Mannelli

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:51

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In imaging-based clinical trials, it is common practice to perform double reads for each image, discrepant interpretations can result from these two different evaluations. In this study we analyzed discrepanci...

    Authors: Hubert Beaumont, Tracey L. Evans, Catherine Klifa, Ali Guermazi, Sae Rom Hong, Mustapha Chadjaa and Zsuzsanna Monostori

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:50

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is often diagnosed at an advanced stage when adjacent vascular invasion is present. Accurate evaluation of presence of vascular invasion can help guide therapy. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Yi-Nan Shen, Cheng-Xiang Guo, Yao Pan, Yi-Wen Chen, Tian-Yu Tang, Yu-Wei Li, Jun-Hua Lu, Gang Jin, Ren-Yi Qin, Wei-Yun Yao, Ting-Bo Liang and Xue-Li Bai

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:49

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The goal of this study was to investigate the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) v.2017 for the categorization of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) with gadoxetic acid compared with gadopentetate...

    Authors: Ying Ding, Sheng-xiang Rao, Wen-tao Wang, Cai-zhong Chen, Ren-chen Li and Mengsu Zeng

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:48

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  12. Content type: Case series

    Metastases to the orbit occur rarely in midgut neuroendocrine tumor (NET) patients with only 20 cases reported to date. Patients typically present with bilateral involvement of the recti muscles and experience...

    Authors: Satya Das, Gino Pineda, Laura Goff, Rachel Sobel, Jordan Berlin and George Fisher

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:47

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To explore whether volumetric CT texture analysis (CTTA) can serve as a potential imaging biomarker for risk stratification of small bowel gastrointestinal stromal tumors (small bowel-GISTs).

    Authors: Cui Feng, Fangfang Lu, Yaqi Shen, Anqin Li, Hao Yu, Hao Tang, Zhen Li and Daoyu Hu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:46

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  14. Content type: Review

    Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecologic malignancy in developed countries and its incidence is increasing. First-level treatment, if no contraindicated, is based on surgery. Pre-operative imaging is...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Marco Femia, Valentina Buscarino, Dorella Franchi, Annalisa Garbi, Vanna Zanagnolo, Maria Del Grande, Lucia Manganaro, Sarah Alessi, Caterina Giannitto, Francesca Ruju and Massimo Bellomi

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:45

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To compare diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), and tri-exponential models of the diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal for the characterization of renal lesions in ...

    Authors: Sophie van Baalen, Martijn Froeling, Marino Asselman, Caroline Klazen, Claire Jeltes, Lotte van Dijk, Bart Vroling, Pieter Dik and Bennie ten Haken

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:44

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To explore the effect of b-value distributions on the repeatability and diagnostic performance of the ADC value in rectal cancer patients using multiple b-values and mono-exponential model diffusion-weighted i...

    Authors: Luguang Chen, Fu Shen, Zhihui Li, Haidi Lu, Yukun Chen, Zhen Wang and Jianping Lu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:43

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is a fatal disease with very poor prognosis. Development of sensitive and noninvasive methods to monitor tumor progression in PDA is a critical and unmet need. Magnetic r...

    Authors: Ravneet Vohra, Joshua Park, Yak-Nam Wang, Kayla Gravelle, Stella Whang, Joo-Ha Hwang and Donghoon Lee

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:41

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  18. Content type: Research article

    68Ga-PSMA PET/CT has an important role in assessment of prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence and is evolving in staging high- and intermediate risk disease. The aim of present study was to desc...

    Authors: Zohar Keidar, Ronit Gill, Elinor Goshen, Ora Israel, Tima Davidson, Maryna Morgulis, Natalia Pirmisashvili and Simona Ben-Haim

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:39

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Hepatic percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) is usually performed in patients under conscious sedation. Nonetheless, many patients reported pain during the procedure. The current study investigated the safety...

    Authors: Hong-Zhi Zhang, Jie Pan, Jing Sun, Yu-Mei Li, Kang Zhou, Yang Li, Jin Cheng, Ying Wang, Dong-Lei Shi and Shao-Hui Chen

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:40

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  20. Content type: Research article

    It is very difficult to predict the early response to NAC only on the basis of change in tumor size. ADC value derived from DWI promises to be a valuable parameter for evaluating the early response to treatmen...

    Authors: Li Yuan, Jian-Jun Li, Chang-Qing Li, Cheng-Gong Yan, Ze-Long Cheng, Yuan-Kui Wu, Peng Hao, Bing-Quan Lin and Yi-Kai Xu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:38

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Imaging findings for pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (PNEC) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) often overlap. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the value of computed tomography (CT) imaging...

    Authors: Chuangen Guo, Xiaoling Zhuge, Qidong Wang, Wenbo Xiao, Zhonglan Wang, Zhongqiu Wang, Zhan Feng and Xiao Chen

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:37

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Primary hepatic sarcomatous carcinoma (PHSC) is a rare malignancy composed of both carcinomatous (either hepatocellular or cholangiocellular) and sarcomatous components. The purpose of our study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Dongli Shi, Liang Ma, Dawei Zhao, Jing Chang, Chen Shao, Shi Qi, Feng Chen, Yunfang Li, Xing Wang, Yanyan Zhang, Jing Zhao and Hongjun Li

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:36

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In a previous study, FDG PET tumor segmentation (SegPHL) using the peritumoral halo layer (PHL) was more reliable than fixed threshold methods in patients with thyroid cancer. We performed this study to valida...

    Authors: Sungmin Jun, Jung Gu Park and Youngduk Seo

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:35

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Focal 68Ga-DOTATATE PET lesions within the myocardium of neuroendocrine tumor (NET) patients are observed in clinical practice. We determined the frequency and characteristics of lesions that are consistent wi...

    Authors: Wolfgang G. Kunz, Ralf S. Eschbach, Robert Stahl, Philipp M. Kazmierczak, Peter Bartenstein, Axel Rominger, Christoph J. Auernhammer, Christine Spitzweg, Jens Ricke and Clemens C. Cyran

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:34

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  25. Content type: Regular article

    The aim of this study was to compare diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) isotropic map (p-map) with current radiographically (T2/T2-FLAIR) methods based on abnormal hyper-signal size and location of glioblastoma tumor...

    Authors: Manijeh Beigi, Mojtaba Safari, Ahmad Ameri, Mohsen Shojaee Moghadam, Azim Arbabi, Morteza Tabatabaeefar and Hamidreza SalighehRad

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:33

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The low sensitivity of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the evaluation of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) is mainly due to the partial volume effect in p...

    Authors: Sung Uk Bae, Kyoung Sook Won, Bong-Il Song, Woon Kyung Jeong, Seong Kyu Baek and Hae Won Kim

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:32

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  27. Content type: Retraction Note

    The authors have retracted this article because Figs. 2, 3 and 4, as well as parts of the text have been previously published [1]. This article is therefore redundant. Yu Zhang, Denghui Liu, Jiaqi Song, Huojun...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Xiaofei Zhu, Denghui Liu, Jiaqi Song, Huojun Zhang and Jianping Lu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:31

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    The original article was published in Cancer Imaging 2018 18:6

  28. Content type: Research article

    There is little published evidence examining the use of contrast material (CM) and the risk of acute renal adverse events (AEs) in individuals with increasingly common risk factors including cancer and chronic...

    Authors: Chaan S. Ng, Sanjeeva P. Kalva, Candace Gunnarsson, Michael P. Ryan, Erin R. Baker and Ravindra L. Mehta

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:30

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal dominant disease that is associated with germline TP53 mutations and it predisposes affected individuals to a high risk of developing multiple tumors. In Brazil, LFS is ...

    Authors: Daniele Paixão, Marcos Duarte Guimarães, Kelvin César de Andrade, Amanda França Nóbrega, Rubens Chojniak and Maria Isabel Achatz

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:27

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Identifying gastric heterotopic pancreas and stromal tumors is difficult. Few studies have reported computed tomography (CT) findings for differentiating lesions less than 3 cm in diameter. In this study, we a...

    Authors: Li-ming Li, Lei-yu Feng, Xiao-hua Chen, Pan Liang, Jing Li and Jian-bo Gao

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:26

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  31. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the accuracy of 11C-acetate Positron Emission Tomography/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PET/MRI) in bladder cancer (BC) staging and monitoring response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC).

    Authors: Antti Salminen, Ivan Jambor, Harri Merisaari, Otto Ettala, Johanna Virtanen, Ilmari Koskinen, Erik Veskimae, Jukka Sairanen, Pekka Taimen, Jukka Kemppainen, Heikki Minn and Peter J. Boström

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:25

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  32. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the safety and efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with simultaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as treatment for adrenal metastases (AM) from hepatocellular c...

    Authors: Hongjun Yuan, Fengyong Liu, Xin Li, Yang Guan and Maoqiang Wang

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:24

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The invasion depth of endometrial cancer is one of the most important prognosis factors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the diagnostic value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the ...

    Authors: Lei Deng, Qiu-ping Wang, Rui Yan, Xiao-yi Duan, Lu Bai, Nan Yu, You-min Guo and Quan-xin Yang

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:23

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  34. Content type: Research article

    To identify location and number of insulinomas before operation is very important for improving the cure rate. The objective of the study was to assess performance of CT during celiac artery angiography for pr...

    Authors: Feng Duan, Yan-hua Bai, Li Cui, Jie-yu Yan, Xiao-hui Li and Xiu-qi Wang

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:22

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the application value of fat-suppressed gadolinium-enhanced isotropic high-resolution 3D-GRE-T1WI in regional nodes with different short-axis diameter ranges in rectal cancer, especially in node...

    Authors: Yan Chen, Xinyue Yang, Ziqiang Wen, Baolan Lu, Xiaojuan Xiao, Bingqi Shen and Shenping Yu

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:21

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the imaging properties of pulmonary metastases and benign opacities in 68Ga-PSMA positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with prostate cancer (PC).

    Authors: Jonathan Damjanovic, Jan-Carlo Janssen, Christian Furth, Gerd Diederichs, Thula Walter, Holger Amthauer and Marcus R. Makowski

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:20

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is a plasma cell malignancy that originates in soft tissues without evidence of systemic spread, and its management differs from other plasma cell neoplasms. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Linqi Zhang, Xu Zhang, Qiao He, Rusen Zhang and Wei Fan

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:19

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Preoperative tumor invasiveness in clinical stage T1N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma is critical for optimal surgical procedure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the ground-glass opac...

    Authors: Meng Li, Ning Wu, Li Zhang, Wei Sun, Ying Liu, Lv Lv, Jiansong Ren and Dongmei Lin

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:18

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are accompanied by inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus in up to 10% of the cases, with surgical resection remaining the only curative option. In case of IVC wall invasion, the operativ...

    Authors: Lisa C. Adams, Bernhard Ralla, Yi-Na Y. Bender, Keno Bressem, Bernd Hamm, Jonas Busch, Florian Fuller and Marcus R. Makowski

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:17

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  40. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the benefits of arterial phase imaging and parenchymal blood volume (PBV) maps acquired by C-arm computed tomography during TACE procedure in comparison to cross-sectional imaging (CSI) using CT or...

    Authors: Tanja Zitzelsberger, Roland Syha, Gerd Grözinger, Sasan Partovi, Konstantin Nikolaou and Ulrich Grosse

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:16

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Hybrid PET/CT and PET/MRI are increasingly important technologies in the evaluation of malignancy and require cooperation between radiologists and specialists in molecular imaging. The aim of our study was to ...

    Authors: T. Beyer, R. Hicks, C. Brun, G. Antoch and L. S. Freudenberg

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:15

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  42. Content type: Review

    The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) standardizes the interpretation and reporting of imaging examinations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). For focal liver observations ...

    Authors: Wolfgang Schima and Jay Heiken

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:14

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  43. Content type: Review

    The last 5 years have been marked by profound innovation in the targeted treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent lymphomas. Using CLL as a case study, we present a timeline and overview of...

    Authors: Babina Gosangi, Matthew Davids, Bhanusupriya Somarouthu, Francesco Alessandrino, Angela Giardino, Nikhil Ramaiya and Katherine Krajewski

    Citation: Cancer Imaging 2018 18:13

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