Skip to main content
  • Poster presentation
  • Open access
  • Published:

Role of MRI in evaluation of small bowel disease


Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Small Bowel (MR Enterography, or MRE) is becoming increasingly popular as the first imaging modality for the diagnosis and follow-up of small bowel diseases. The aim of this work was to evaluate the role of recent MRI sequences and techniques in evaluation of small bowel disease.

Patients and methods

The study population included 24 patients who were referred to multiple radiology centers by gastroenterologist for magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) for evaluation. The examination was done on 1.5 Tesla superconducting magnet MRI.


All studied patients had small bowel lesions. 15 patients were neoplastic (64%) and 9 patients were inflammatory (36%). Among 15 cases of small-bowel neoplasm; 12 were malignant; and 3 were benign. The malignant cases were classified as follows; lymphoma (6 patients); adenocarcinoma (4 patients); GIST (1 patients) and carcinoid tumour(1 patient). Nine patients out of 24 had inflammatory bowel diseases. Eight cases out of 9 proved to be specific inflammatory disease and 1 chronic non specific ileocolitis. Seven cases out of 8 proved to be Crohn’s disease and 1 proved pathologically to be TB of small bowel. The final diagnosis was confirmed by surgical or endoscopic data and follow up.


MRE is accurate non-invasive modalities in assessing the intra-luminal, parietal and extra-luminal small bowel tumour without the need for ionizing radiation. MR signal appearances of the lesions, combined with the contrast enhancement behavior and the characteristic of the stenosis, can help in differentiating neoplastic from other non-neoplastic diseases of small bowel.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Khaled M Moghazy.

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

El-Dein, F.S., Moghazy, K.M., El-banna, A. et al. Role of MRI in evaluation of small bowel disease. Cancer Imaging 15 (Suppl 1), P5 (2015).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: