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Table 4 Receiver operating characteristic curve results regarding the qualitative analysis of the combined parameters to distinguish prostate cancer from benign prostatic hyperplasia

From: Differentiating prostate cancer from benign prostatic hyperplasia using whole-lesion histogram and texture analysis of diffusion- and T2-weighted imaging

Parameters AUC (95 % CI) Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) Cutoff value p value Youden index +LR -LR
ADC5th & T2WKurtosis 0.906 (0.857, 0.943) 83.3 89.3 > 0.53384 < 0.0001 0.7262 7.78 0.19
ADC5th & ADCDiff−Variance 0.906 (0.857, 0.942) 83.3 89.3 > 0.53566 < 0.0001 0.7262 7.78 0.19
T2W5th & T2WDiff − Variance 0.633 (0.562, 0.699) 83.3 42.9 > 0.38111 0.0007 0.2619 1.46 0.39
  1. ADC apparent diffusion coefficient, T2W T2-weighted imaging, 5th 5th percentile, Diff-variance difference in variance