Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: CT-assessed sarcopenia is a predictive factor for both long-term and short-term outcomes in gastrointestinal oncology patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AuthorYearRecruitment periodDesignDiseaseTreatmentTotal sampleMedian age, yearTumor stage (AJCC, I/II/III/IV)Male, n (%)Adjuvant therapy, n (%)
Yang, J.20192011–2017RetrospectiveCRCSurgery41757.980/190/149/0251 (60)
Hopkins, J. J.20192007–2009RetrospectiveCRCSurgery96865.8100/374/494/0589 (61)503 (52)
van Vugt, J. L. A.20182007–2013RetrospectiveCRCSurgery816255/293/269440 (54)158 (19)
van der Kroft, G.20182012–2013RetrospectiveCRCSurgery6318/13/20/1239 (62)
Mosk, C. A.20182013–2015RetrospectiveCRCSurgery25176141 (56)26 (10)
Mauricio, S. F.20182013–2016RetrospectiveCRCSurgery8461.636/48 a39 (46)51 (61)
Martin, L.20182013–2015RetrospectiveCRCSurgery21066.6385/713/887/1091270 (60)
Chen, W. Z.20182014–2017RetrospectiveCRCSurgery37664.365/155/145/11228 (61)
Feliciano, E. M. C.20172006–2011ProspectiveCRCSurgery24763690/806/956/01251 (51)
Black, D.20172006–2014RetrospectiveCRCSurgery339 58/153/128/0181 (53)66 (19)
Ouchi, A.20162012–2015RetrospectiveCRCSurgery606942/18 a35 (58)
Malietzis, G.20162006–2013RetrospectiveCRCSurgery80569189/265/267/84472 (59)182 (23)
Reisinger, K. W.20152010–2012RetrospectiveCRCSurgery310155 (50)
Park, B. K.20152005–2012RetrospectiveCRCSurgery543185/314 a311 (57)51 (9)
Miyamoto, Y.20152005–2010RetrospectiveCRCSurgery22077/84/59/0 54 (25)
Huang, D. D.20152014–2015RetrospectiveCRCSurgery1426288 (62)5 (4)
Lieffers, J. R.20122002–2006RetrospectiveCRCSurgery234630/74/83/77135 (58)
Pedziwiatr, M.20162014–2015RetrospectiveCRCSurgery12465.932/32/39/2173 (59)
Jones, K. I.20152011–2012RetrospectiveCRCSurgery10068.660 (60)
Guinan, E. M.20182014–2016RetrospectiveECSurgery2727 (100)
Mayanagi, S.20172004–2013ProspectiveECSurgery6663.30/27/39/057 (86)66 (100)
Elliott, J. A.20172010–2015RetrospectiveECSurgery20761.6165 (80)207 (100)
Black, D.20172006–2014RetrospectiveECSurgery10830/43/35/074 (69)65 (60)
Nishigori, T.20162005–2014RetrospectiveECSurgery19933/99/63/6164 (82)
Grotenhuis, B. A.20162001–2012RetrospectiveECSurgery1206288 (73)120 (100)
Yip, C.2014NGRetrospectiveECSurgery35630/10/23/230 (86)35 (100)
Nakashima, Y.20182004–2014RetrospectiveECSurgery34138/46/55/33289 (85)
Paireder, M.20172006–2013RetrospectiveECSurgery13061.415/22/76/3106 (82)130 (100)
Tamandl, D.20162006–2013RetrospectiveECSurgery20063.945/33/95/4151 (76)
Harada, K.20162005–2011RetrospectiveECSurgery325129/45/128/23298 (92)
Tan, B. H.20152010–2012RetrospectiveECSurgery8965.821/27/41/067 (75)89 (100)
Zhang, Y.20192015–2017RetrospectiveGCSurgery15659.148/27/81/0115 (74)35 (22)
Zhang, W. T.20182014–2016ProspectiveGCSurgery636203/140/293/0478 (75)
Wang, S. L.20182009–2013RetrospectiveGCSurgery85964239/193/427/0672 (78)
Park, H. S.20182006–2009RetrospectiveGCSurgery136550/57/79/096 (71)63 (46)
O’Brien, S.20182008–2014RetrospectiveGCSurgery5668.418/13/18/041 (73)28 (50)
Nishigori, T.20182005–2013RetrospectiveGCSurgery1770/100/77/0127 (72)127 (72)
Mao, C. C.20182014–2016ProspectiveGCSurgery68264.6513 (75)
Lin, J.20182015–2016ProspectiveGCSurgery67065
Choi, M. H.20182007–2009RetrospectiveGCSurgery98
Beuran, M.20182014–2016RetrospectiveGCSurgery786/28/41/13
Zhou, C. J.20172014–2015RetrospectiveGCSurgery2407374/55/111/0190 (79)
Zheng, Z. F.20172009–2013RetrospectiveGCSurgery639 525 (82)408 (64)
Lou, N.20172014–2015RetrospectiveGCSurgery20664.180/45/81/0161 (78)
Kudou, K.20172005–2016RetrospectiveGCSurgery148
Huang, D. D.20172014–2015RetrospectiveGCSurgery47065163/103/204/0364 (77)
Zhuang, C. L.20162008–2013RetrospectiveGCSurgery93764271/219/447730 (78)
Wang, S. L.20162014–2015ProspectiveGCSurgery25565.181/48/126/0190 (75)
Takeuchi, M.20162009–2015RetrospectiveGCSurgery7525/16/28/657 (76)3 (4)
Huang, D. D.20162014–2015ProspectiveGCSurgery1737253/40/80/0135 (78)
Tegels, J. J.20152005–2012RetrospectiveGCSurgery15269.642/27/47/5787 (57)71 (47)
Li, X. T.20152005–2008RetrospectiveGCSurgery84570/31/53/060 (71)
Sakurai, K.20172007–2013RetrospectiveGCSurgery56966.7264/121/126/58396 (70)91 (16)
Chen, F. F.20162014–2016ProspectiveGCSurgery15866.933/37/88/0126 (80)
Takeda, Y.20182004–2011RetrospectiveRCSurgery1440/45/99/0102 (71)63 (44)
Park, S. E.20182005–2015RetrospectiveRCSurgery65718/24/27/046 (71)65 (100)
Choi, M. H.20182009–2013RetrospectiveRCSurgery18861.30/34/154/0117 (62)188 (100)
Heus, C.20162006–2013RetrospectiveRCSurgery746439 (53)
Souza, B. U.20182015–2016RetrospectiveCRCAll19760.554/138 a112 (57)
Kurk, S. A.2018NGProspectiveCRCAT450285 (63)n/a
Chemama, S.20162008–2010RetrospectiveCRCAT975337 (38)n/a
Blauwhoff-Buskermolen, S.20162011–2014RetrospectiveCRCAT6766.442 (63)n/a
Barret, M.2014NGRetrospectiveCRCAT516538 (75)n/a
Guiu, B.20102002–2008RetrospectiveCRCAT12055 (46)n/a
Anandavadivelan, P.20162006–2012RetrospectiveECAT722/20/50/0n/a
Awad, S.2012NGRetrospectiveECAT4734 (72)n/a
Sugiyama, K.20182013–2015RetrospectiveGCAT1186459 (50)n/a
Palmela, C.20172012–2014RetrospectiveGCAT47680/5/42/032 (68)n/a
Mirkin, K. A.20172000–2015RetrospectiveGCAT41n/a
Hayashi, N.20162009–2014RetrospectiveGCAT53n/a
Nipp, R. D.20182011–2015RetrospectiveGICAT103n/a
  1. Abbreviation: EC esophageal cancer, GC gastric cancer, GIC gastrointestinal cancer, CRC colorectal cancer, RC rectal cancer, AT adjuvant or neo-adjuvant therapy, NG not given, n/a not available
  2. aTumor stage I and II versus III and IV