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Table 5 Literature summary of MR imaging findings of high-grade and low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas

From: Utility of diffusion-weighted and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing and differentiating between high- and low-grade uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma

Author Year Patient number
(Age, years)
Size (cm) Feather-like enhancement Necrosis Hemorrhage Reference
HG LG HG LG HG LG HG LG
Koyama 1999 2 (50, 64) 6 (20–49) 3–18 N/A +/− +/− [14]
La Fianza 1999 1 (55) 0 11 + N/A + N/A + N/A [26]
Ueda 2000 1 (53) 1 (47) 8.5, 9 + + N/A [27]
Gandolfo 2000 1 (52) 1 (69) 10, 10 + N/A + + + + [13]
Ueda 2001 4 (35–55) 4 (53–66) 1–19 + +/− +/− +/− +/− [15]
Toprak 2004 0 1 (24) N/A N/A N/A N/A [40]
Chien 2005 0 1 (46) N/A N/A N/A N/A [41]
Kusaka 2006 1 (39) 0 8 N/A N/A + N/A + N/A [42]
Hayasaka 2006 1 (74) 0 N/A + N/A + N/A + N/A [28]
Tamai 2008 0 2 (40, 47) 5, 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A [16]
Fujii 2010 0 2 (44, 53) N/A N/A N/A N/A [39]
Furukawa 2010 0 3 (20–57) 5.5–11 N/A N/A N/A +/− [29]
Liu 2015 1 (73) 0 5.2 N/A N/A + N/A + N/A [43]
  1. + = present, − = absent, N/A Not available, HG High-grade, LG Low-grade